BABS offers the following four majors as part of any Science Undergraduate Degree program.
Biotechnology can be defined as the use of various biological processes to make products and perform services. Biotechnology is used for the production of food, industrial chemicals, development of improved crops and livestock for farming, environmental clean-up, forensics and the production of pharmaceuticals. Biopharmaceuticals include hormones, vaccines, anti-hypertensive agents, anti-inflammatory agents and new therapies for the treatment of cancer.
Genetics is the study of the behaviour of the genes that are fundamental to all living organisms. In humans and all other species, genes influence every characteristic, from chemistry to appearance to behaviour to disease. Because genes affect every characteristic of every organism, each new development in genetics has had far-reaching consequences. The combination of molecular and more traditional genetics has allowed the solving of problems ranging from molecular genetics to human disease, plant breeding, microbiology, and conservation biology.
Microbiology is the scientific study of the smallest forms of life namely, bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungi and protozoa. These fascinating organisms impact on our lives in many ways. On the negative side, they cause disease in humans, animals and plants, and they spoil our food. However, microorganisms are also of great benefit, they are the key participants for the turnover of nutrients and elements and they are the main producers of carbon and biomass.
Molecular and Cell Biology
Recent advances in molecular cellular biology, especially the continuing development of recombinant DNA technology, have revolutionised our understanding of the structure, function and regulation of individual genes. Cell biology is the subdiscipline of biology that studies the basic unit of life, the cell, including cell anatomy, cell division, and cell processes such as cell respiration and cell death.